Calculating a Spouse's Interest in a Pension in a Georgia Divorce
The Supreme Court of Georgia recently heard an appeal of a divorce case where the wife alleged error in calculating her interest in the husband’s pension and setting the alimony amount. Hammond v. Hammond, S11F1978 (2012). In that divorce case, there were very few marital assets, the most significant of which was the husband’s pension, which was vested, but had not yet matured. Id. According to Georgia law, this specific pension could not be attached, subjected to process, or assigned. Id. Thus, the trial court was limited in the ways it could be utilized for equitable division purposes. After a hearing where extensive evidence was presented, the trial court equitably divided the marital assets including an alimony award to the wife of $750 per month for 24 months. In addition, with regard to the pension the trial court ordered the husband to pay the wife alimony “in the amount of $1,250 per month, starting the first month husband receives his monthly pension benefit.” Id. at 2.
The wife appealed, arguing “the trial court erred as a matter of law in determining the amount of the award of alimony pertaining to husband’s pension benefit because it bears no relation to the correct valuation of the pension.” Id. at 3. Specifically, the wife alleged that the trial court should have used the time rule formula to quantify the value of the pension rather than distributing it as alimony. However, the trial court chose to evaluate and distribute the pension as alimony at the wife’s urging and, according to the Supreme Court of Georgia, the wife cannot now complain of error induce by her own conduct. Id. Moreover, a trial court is “given wife latitude in fixing the amount of alimony and child support,” and the Court found no abuse of discretion here. Id.
The wife further alleged that the court erred in calculating the amount of alimony to be awarded from the pension. Generally, alimony is awarded in accordance with the needs of one party and the ability of the other party to pay. The trial court has great discretion within these parameters. The Supreme Court of Georgia rejected the wife’s argument here because there was evidence that the trial court considered several factors, including “the value of the pension, the overwhelming marital debt, husband’s contribution of inherited assets to the marriage, and wife’s recent promotion.” Id. at 5. Thus, the Court held that the trial court did not abuse its great discretion in setting the alimony amount from the pension.